Determination of Knowledge and Attitudes of Cardiac Surgery Nurses Regarding the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol



      This study aimed to examine the knowledge and attitudes of cardiac surgery nurses regarding the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol.


      This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study.


      The sample consisted of 50 nurses working in the cardiovascular surgery clinic of a university hospital in the province of Izmir, Turkey. A questionnaire consisting of three sections was prepared by the researchers to collect data. The first section of the form captured sociodemographic and descriptive characteristics; the second section examined the level of knowledge about the enhanced recovery protocol for cardiac surgery; the third section captured the nurses' attitudes regarding the enhanced recovery protocol. The questionnaire was distributed to the nurses and the research data were collected after a certain amount of time. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and correlation analysis were used in the analysis of the data.


      The mean age of the nurses was 31.26 ± 6.74 (min = 23, max = 47); 78% were female; 76% had a bachelor's degree; 48% were employed in the intensive care unit. The mean score of the nurses regarding their level of knowledge on the enhanced recovery protocol for cardiac surgery was 18.70 ± 5.29 (min = 0.00, max = 28.00); the mean score regarding attitude towards the enhanced recovery protocol after surgery was 30.00 ± 3.86 (min = 12.00, max = 33.00). There was a positive, moderate, statistically significant correlation (r = 0.396, P = .005) between the mean knowledge level score and the mean attitude level score.


      Results showed that nurses' knowledge was at a moderately positive level. Increasing the level of knowledge increased positive attitudes. Recommendations include disseminating protocol information and providing necessary training to increase positive attitudes in an effort to ensure protocol adherance.


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