Short-Term Patient Outcomes After Implementation of Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy Under Opioid Free Anesthesia at an Ambulatory Surgery Center

Published:January 02, 2023DOI:



      Opioid free anesthesia (OFA) is associated with decreased risk of PONV and need for rescue analgesia, making it ideal for patients anticipating same-day discharge. The purpose of this project was to describe the perioperative care and short-term outcomes for patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) under OFA at an ambulatory surgical center (ASC).


      A retrospective descriptive design was used to examine the perioperative care and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing RARP under OFA at an ASC.


      The records of all sequential patients undergoing RARP over an 18-month period were reviewed. Data collected included patient comorbidities, surgical procedures, medications administered, verbal numeric rating scale (VNRS) for pain scores, times to oral intake, ambulation, and discharge, patient disposition, and unplanned return to the ER or hospital within 30 days.


      Data were extracted from 54 sequential records. Median VNRS scores were zero throughout PACU stay. Fifty-three patients (98.1%) were successfully discharged home, with an average postoperative stay of 250.8 (SD 35.0) minutes. There were no complaints of post-discharge nausea and vomiting or intractable pain at 72 hours after surgery. One patient was transferred to the hospital and two patients returned to the emergency room within 30 days.


      Although generalizability is limited, these results suggest that carefully selected patients can be discharged home after RARP under a balanced OFA technique. Innovative practices are needed to address the current backlog of patients needing non-emergent surgery. Discharge home avoids the increase in resource consumption and infection risk associated with hospital admission.


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