Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Surgical Anxiety Questionnaire (SAQ)

Published:January 31, 2023DOI:



      This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Turkish surgical anxiety questionnaire (SAQ) version.


      This study design was methodological.


      The study was evaluated with construct validity, exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and convergent and discriminant validity. For scale reliability, internal consistency, Cronbach Alpha Coefficient, Pearson Correlation Analysis, and Inter-item Correlation Analysis, test-retest, and parallel forms methods were used.


      The Turkish version of the surgical anxiety questionnaire consisted of a 3-factor structure, and the Cronbach's alpha value was 0.93. The CFA factor loads varied between 0.48-0.98. A positive, high correlation was found between SAQ and the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Knowledge Scale (APASIS). A positive, moderate correlation between SAQ and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-1(STAI-1) was found.


      SAQ has strong validity and reliability in the Turkish society. Nurses could use the SAQ to determine the anxiety level in surgical patients.


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