Best Practice|Articles in Press

Implementation of a Multimodal Interdisciplinary Massive Transfusion Protocol Educational Bundle Improves Knowledge and Self-Efficacy

Published:January 09, 2023DOI:



      Critical events in the operative setting require rapid management to prevent adverse outcomes. This article describes a multimodal educational bundle that was designed and implemented to improve readiness to respond to crises involving significant blood loss. Intended outcomes of this project were to increase knowledge and self-efficacy of anesthesia providers and perioperative staff members related to the use of the massive transfusion protocol (MTP).


      This is a quality improvement (QI) project.


      A two-part educational bundle consisted of pre-education and low-fidelity simulation (LFS) via computer-based training (CBT) modules followed by hands-on skills sessions. Anesthesia providers, registered nurses, and technicians in the operative suite completed the educational intervention. Knowledge and self-efficacy were measured pre-and-post intervention.


      After completing the educational bundle, the aggregated mean score on a knowledge test increased by 5.65%. Self-efficacy related to role-specific responsibilities and confidence regarding the team's ability to carry out the MTP significantly increased for all participants (n = 62).


      This project serves as an example of how a multimodal educational bundle can improve knowledge, confidence, and readiness to respond to critical events. This model demonstrates how pre-education and LFS enable crisis management training to be readily accessible for an entire interdisciplinary team.


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