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Factors Affecting Anxiety of Kidney Transplant Recipients According to Donor Type: A Descriptive Study

Published:August 27, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2022.05.073

      Abstract

      Purpose

      High anxiety among kidney transplant recipients has negative psychosocial consequences for health quality. This study aims to determine the risk factors that affect levels of anxiety in recipients of kidney transplants according to living and deceased donor types.

      Design

      The study was conducted using a descriptive correlational research method.

      Methods

      The study conducted research with 330 kidney transplant recipients (from 261 live and 69 cadaver donors) who agreed to participate between February and July 2019. Participants completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, which assesses state and trait anxiety.

      Findings

      Participants had low state anxiety and moderate trait anxiety scores. A statistically significant, positive, moderate correlation was found between state anxiety scale and trait anxiety scale mean scores of recipients of kidney transplants from both living and deceased donors. According to a regression analysis of trait anxiety scores of transplant recipients from living donors, positive independent risk factors for anxiety include kidney transplant recipients with a low income, receiving kidneys from male donors, drug noncompliance, sleep disorders, and mental problems.

      Conclusions

      Both kidney transplant recipients from living and deceased donors had low state anxiety and moderate trait anxiety. Nurses should develop effective intervention strategies that continue throughout life to reduce the anxiety of kidney transplant recipients.

      Keywords

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