Body Image Perception and the Effect of Different Educational Programs on Embarrassment in Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy

Published:August 08, 2022DOI:



      Colonoscopy is recognized as a safe and effective tool for detecting colorectal cancer. However, patients may experience discomfort and embarrassment arising from their body image, with the prejudice that health care professionals will have negative thoughts about their bodies. This study was carried out to determine the effect of the perception of body image and education given with different educational programs on the feeling of embarrassment in patients who were scheduled to undergo colonoscopy.


      Quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test.


      The population of this quasi -experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and experimental groups consisted of 184 patients who underwent colonoscopy for the first time at the endoscopy department of a university hospital.


      No statistically significant difference in the mean Colonoscopy Embarrassment Scale (CES) pre-test scores was found between the groups (P > .05). The mean CES post-test scores of the video group were lower than those of the other groups, with a statistically significant difference (P < .05). Comparing the intragroup CES pre-test and post-test mean scores, the mean CES post-test scores were found to be lower in all three groups, with a statistically significant difference between the groups (P < .05). Although a statistically weak negative correlation was found between the body image mean scores and the pre-test CES mean scores of the booklet and video groups, no correlation was observed in the control group.


      The body image perception was found to affect the sense of embarrassment in patients undergoing colonoscopy, and the mean embarrassment scores decreased with planned training programs.


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