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Best Practice| Volume 36, ISSUE 4, P359-366, August 2021

Perioperative Peripheral Nerve Block Safety Education: A Quality Improvement Project

  • Author Footnotes
    1 At the time of this work, the author was a doctor of nurse anesthesia practice student at Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ.
    Pauline Zelaya
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Pauline Zelaya, 8009 Macnish Dr, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87109.
    Footnotes
    1 At the time of this work, the author was a doctor of nurse anesthesia practice student at Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ.
    Affiliations
    Department of Anesthesiology, Raymond G. Murphy Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 At the time of this work, the author was a doctor of nurse anesthesia practice student at Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      The purpose of the quality improvement (QI) project was to improve patient safety by increasing the consistency of monitor application and oxygen administration during the placement of peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs), advance the knowledge of perianesthesia staff about PNB safety, and develop a PNB hospital policy.

      Design

      QI project using the focus, analyze, develop, and execute model.

      Methods

      The project had two parts, an educational component that was deployed in the three hospitals (hospital A, hospital B, hospital C) and an observation component that was conducted in only one of the hospitals (hospital A). Baseline observation of monitor and oxygen application was recorded at hospital A for 3 months. Assessment of perioperative personnel's baseline knowledge regarding PNB safety was attained using a knowledge assessment tool in the three hospitals. Learners in the three hospitals were given a pretest and post-test to measure the change in knowledge level after a PNB safety presentation was given. Monitor and oxygen application during nerve block placements were observed and recorded after the PNB safety presentation at hospital A. Statistical analysis was completed to determine if significant differences in knowledge levels in the three hospitals and monitor and oxygen application at hospital A existed after an educational intervention was delivered to the perioperative teams.

      Findings

      Participants' knowledge level increased 13% overall with post-test scores greater than 90% after the educational intervention. Monitor application and administration of oxygen during PNB placement improved from 2% to 100% in a preliminary 3-week postintervention review. Systematic changes were implemented to facilitate adherence to best practice measures.

      Conclusions

      PNB safety presentations significantly improved staff's knowledge regarding PNB procedures and potential problems. A multidisciplinary team approach was used to facilitate changes to improve electrocardiogram, blood pressure, pulse oximetry, and oxygen use in this patient population. A proposed PNB policy was accepted as a protocol. Patients are safer with increased monitoring.

      Keywords

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