Research| Volume 36, ISSUE 1, P59-64, February 2021

Download started.


Nursing Students' Experiences Related to Operating Room Practice: A Qualitative Study

Published:October 23, 2020DOI:



      The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of nursing students concerning operating room (OR) practice.


      A qualitative design was used in this study.


      Data were collected from second-year nursing students using the semistructured interview form including open-ended questions about their OR experiences. Perspectives of phenomenological approach including existentials of lived body, lived relations, lived space, and lived time were used in data analysis.


      The study data regarding experiences of nursing students concerning OR practice were organized under three themes, namely, “OR environment,” “emotions,” and “career plans after graduation.” Nine subthemes emerged: educational experience, teamwork, and communication, excitement, enjoyment, anxiety, fear, different emotions, working as a surgical nurse, and working in departments other than OR.


      In clinical environments, student nurses should be supported by staff and instructors to facilitate learning and create meaningful learning experiences.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Karaöz S.
        An overview about clinical evaluation in nursing education: Challenges and recommendations.
        Electron J Nurs Sch Dokuz Eylül Univ. 2013; 6: 149-158
        • Yousefy A.
        • Yazdannik A.
        • Mohammadi S.
        Exploring the environment of clinical baccalaureate nursing students' education in Iran: A qualitative descriptive study.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2015; 35: 1295-1300
        • Elcigil A.
        • Yildirim Sari H.
        Determining problems experienced by student nurses in their work with clinical educators in Turkey.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2007; 27: 491-498
        • Günay U.
        • Kılınç G.
        The transfer of theoretical knowledge to clinical practice by nursing students and the difficulties they experience: A qualitative study.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2018; 65: 81-86
        • Warne T.
        • Johansson U.B.
        • Papastavrou E.
        • et al.
        An exploration of the clinical learning experience of nursing students in nine European countries.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2010; 30: 809-815
        • Blomberg A.C.
        • Willassen E.
        • von Post I.
        • Lindwall L.
        Student nurses' experiences of preserved dignity in perioperative practice—Part I.
        Nurs Ethics. 2015; 22: 676-687
        • Hasson F.
        • McKenna H.P.
        • Keeney S.
        Delegating and supervising unregistered professionals: The student nurse experience.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2013; 33: 229-235
        • Henderson J.
        • Xiao L.
        • Siegloff L.
        • Kelton M.
        • Paterson J.
        'Older people have lived their lives': First year nursing students' attitudes towards older people.
        Contemp Nurse. 2009; 30: 32-45
        • Aliafsari Mamaghani E.
        • Rahmani A.
        • Hassankhani H.
        • et al.
        Experiences of Iranian nursing students regarding their clinical learning environment.
        Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2018; 12: 216-222
        • Killam L.A.
        • Heerschap C.
        Challenges to student learning in the clinical setting: A qualitative descriptive study.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2013; 33: 684-691
        • O'Mara L.
        • McDonald J.
        • Gillespie M.
        • Brown H.
        • Miles L.
        Challenging clinical learning environments: Experiences of undergraduate nursing students.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2014; 14: 208-213
        • Levett-Jones T.
        • Lathlean J.
        Belongingness: A prerequisite for nursing students' clinical learning.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2008; 8: 103-111
        • D'Souza M.S.
        • Karkada S.N.
        • Parahoo K.
        • Venkatesaperumal R.
        Perception of and satisfaction with the clinical learning environment among nursing students.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2015; 35: 833-840
        • Gholami M.
        • Saki M.
        • Toulabi T.
        • Kordestani Moghadam P.
        • Hossein Pour A.H.
        • Dostizadeh R.
        Iranian nursing students' experiences of case-based learning: A qualitative study.
        J Prof Nurs. 2017; 33: 241-249
        • Kristofferzon M.L.
        • Mårtensson G.
        • Mamhidir A.G.
        • Löfmark A.
        Nursing students' perceptions of clinical supervision: The contributions of preceptors, head preceptors and clinical lecturers.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2013; 33: 1252-1257
        • Peyrovi H.
        • Yadavar-Nikravesh M.
        • Oskouie S.F.
        • Berterö C.
        Iranian student nurses' experiences of clinical placement.
        Int Nurs Rev. 2005; 52: 134-141
        • Sharif F.
        • Masoumi S.
        A qualitative study of nursing student experiences of clinical practice.
        BMC Nurs. 2005; 4: 1-7
        • Tiwari A.
        • Lam D.
        • Yuen K.H.
        • Chan R.
        • Fung T.
        • Chan S.
        Student learning in clinical nursing education: Perceptions of the relationship between assessment and learning.
        Nurs Educ Pract. 2005; 25: 299-308
        • McNamara S.
        Perioperative nursing in nursing school curricula.
        AORN J. 2006; 83: 301-304
        • Wang R.
        • Shi N.
        • Bai J.
        • Zheng Y.
        • Zhao Y.
        Implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional simulation-based education program for undergraduate nursing students in OR nursing education: A randomized controlled trial.
        BMC Med Educ. 2015; 15: 1-7
        • Aktaş Y.Y.
        • Karabulut N.
        A survey on Turkish nursing students' perception of clinical learning environment and its association with academic motivation and clinical decision making.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2016; 36: 124-128
        • Pollard C.
        • Ellis L.
        • Stringer E.
        • Cockayne D.
        Clinical education: A review of the literature.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2007; 7: 315-322
        • Serçekuş P.
        • Başkale H.
        Nursing students' perceptions about clinical learning environment in Turkey.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2016; 17: 134-138
        • Yavuz van Giersbergen M.
        • Ozsaker E.
        • Dirimese E.
        • Okgün Alcan A.
        The OR experiences of nursing students: A focus group study.
        J Perianesth Nurs. 2016; 31: 146-153
        • Jager F.
        • Vandyk A.
        • Jacob J.D.
        • et al.
        The Ottawa model for nursing curriculum renewal: An integrative review.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2020; 87: 104344
        • Nahas V.L.
        • Nour V.
        • Al-Nobani M.
        Jordanian undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of effective clinical teachers.
        Nurse Educ Today. 1999; 19: 639-648
        • Callaghan A.
        Student nurses' perceptions of learning in a perioperative placement.
        J Adv Nurs. 2011; 67: 854-864
        • Latz P.A.
        • Nordbye D.
        Educating nurses into the perioperative arena.
        AORN J. 2004; 79: 965-974
        • Meyer R.
        • van Schalkwyk S.C.
        • Prakaschandra R.
        The OR as a clinical learning environment: An exploratory study.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2016; 18: 60-72
        • Yildiz Findik U.
        • Ozbas A.
        • Cavdar I.
        • Yildizeli Topcu S.
        • Onler E.
        Assessment of nursing students' stress levels and coping strategies in OR practice.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2015; 15: 192-195
        • Arkan B.
        • Ordin Y.
        • Yılmaz D.
        Undergraduate nursing students' experience related to their clinical learning environment and factors affecting to their clinical learning process.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2018; 29: 127-132
        • van Manen M.
        Phenomenology of practice.
        Phenomenology Pract. 2007; 1: 11-30
        • Tembo A.C.
        Phenomenological inquiry as a methodology for investigating the lived experience of being critically ill in intensive care.
        J Intensive Crit Care. 2016; 2: 1-8
        • Lincoln Y.S.
        • Guba E.G.
        Naturalistic Inquiry.
        Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA1985
        • Plazas M.P.C.
        • Cameron B.L.
        • Salas A.S.
        Being attentive to the inquiry: Lifeworld existentials to understand chronic illness in the age of globalization.
        ISQR2016 Proc. 2016; 5: 113-122
        • Leong C.S.U.
        • Clutter L.B.
        Active learning improves nursing student clinical performance in an academic institution in Macao.
        Chin Nurs Res. 2015; 2: 35-39
        • Hughes S.
        Evaluating operating theatre experience. Student nurses in South East Wales.
        J Perioper Pract. 2006; 16: 290-298
        • Campbell G.
        • Arfanis K.
        • Smith A.F.
        Distraction and interruption in anaesthetic practice.
        Br J Anaesth. 2016; 109: 707-715
        • Zundel S.
        • Wolf I.
        • Christen H.J.
        • Huwendiek S.
        What supports students' education in the OR? A focus group study including students' and surgeons' views.
        Am J Surg. 2015; 210: 951-959
        • Jansson I.
        • Ene K.W.
        Nursing students' evaluation of quality indicators during learning in clinical practice.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2016; 20: 17-22
        • Melo K.
        • Williams B.
        • Ross C.
        The impact of nursing curricula on clinical practice anxiety.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2010; 30: 773-778
        • Burnard P.
        • Edwards D.
        • Bennett K.
        • et al.
        A comparative, longitudinal study of stress in student nurses in five countries: Albania, Brunei, the Czech Republic, Malta and Wales.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2008; 28: 134-145
        • Gammon J.
        • Morgan-Samuel H.
        A study to ascertain the effect of structured student tutorial support on student stress, self-esteem, and coping.
        Nurse Educ Pract. 2005; 5: 161-171
        • Melincavage S.M.
        Student nurses' experiences of anxiety in the clinical setting.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2011; 31: 785-789
        • Sendir M.
        • Acaroglu R.
        Reliability and validity of Turkish version of clinical stress questionnaire.
        Nurse Educ Today. 2008; 28: 737-743
        • Tully A.
        Stress, sources of stress and ways of coping among psychiatric nursing students.
        J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2004; 11: 43-47
        • Taşdelen S.
        • Zaybak A.
        An investigation on the stress levels of student nurses during their first clinical training.
        F N Hem Derg. 2013; 21: 101-106